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  • Memories of war

  • Included on this page

  • The 1914-18 World War 1 conflict greatly impacted Australian life and the Penrith community was no exception.

    The Penrith district, encompassing the suburbs and towns in the current local government area, felt the impact of war as casualty figures mounted. Alfred Colless, editor of the Nepean Times, published letters from soldiers and nurses serving overseas and obituaries for many of the soldiers. In the early years of the war, the Nepean Times regularly included lists of local boys who had enlisted, the wounded and the dead. By July 1917, when the casualties were mounting at an increasing rate, the lists disappeared. Over 115 men born or resident in the Penrith District at the time of enlistment, were killed during World War 1. 

    WWI Penrith district nurses

    During World War 1, 16 nurses from the Penrith District served overseas with the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force in Rabaul, on hospital ships and with the Australian Imperial Force in Egypt, England, the Western Front and Salonika (Greece). The nurses enlisted under terms which offered free return passage by 2nd class steamer or military transport, free uniform and allowance for upkeep, pay rates of 100 pounds per year for Matron while a staff nurse received 340 pounds per year (the same rate as a private soldier). It was not until late 1916 that nurses received officer status. Working conditions were less than ideal. Many Australian nurses served in British hospitals under British staff and felt aggrieved as they had enlisted to nurse Australian soldiers.

    Overall, 2139 Australian nurses served overseas while 423 remained on home service. 21 Australian nurses died on overseas service and 235 were decorated.

    This page commemorates the work undertaken by the 16 Penrith district nurses, including their service on the hospital ship Grantala. If you would like to submit additional details for any of these nurses, please email:

    • Adele Baker
    • Adelaide Maud Kellett
    • Jessie Bassetti
    • Ada Alice Morehead
    • Rachel Clouston
    • Constance Neale
    • Esther Edith Coggins
    • Ione Evelyn Grace Nowland
    • Stella Lilian Colless
    • Florrie Manson Perkins
    • Vida Mitylene Greentree
    • Jessie Grace Perkins
    • Mary Rosa Harford
    • Alice Cecilia Scahill
    • Elizabeth Kearey
    • Annie Eliza Major-West

    War trophies

    During World War 1, guns captured from the enemy were labelled with details of the name of the unit which had captured the piece, and the date and place of capture. Trophies were then sent to England for storage before being sent home to Australia. It was determined that the new National War Museum would only retain a portion of the trophies for display. A War Trophy Committee, set up to organise the allotment of the trophies, was inundated by requests for guns. It was necessary to draw up guidelines for disbursement which took into consideration the claims from soldiers who had captured the guns, and which recognised the towns from which the soldiers had volunteered. Distribution of the guns was based on a number of factors:

    The claims of the AIF unit responsible for the gun's capture. The restructure of the army after the war saw many of these guns allotted to Commonwealth Military Forces (CMF) units. Many units either handed control of the guns over to the council, or requested that they be distributed to other towns

    Pool A Guns. The remaining guns were allotted to towns all over Australia. Towns applying for guns had to comply with a series of conditions which included the appointment of three trustees. One of the trustees was required to have served in the Australian Imperial Forces. The trustees were responsible for:

    • Arranging for the gun to be permanently housed in a public park, garden or building within the town, and for its subsequent preservation and safe custody.
    • Arranging a simple ceremony where it would be formally handed over.
    • Bearing all expenses connected with transport and installation after arrival.

    The following locations within the Penrith Local Government Area were issued with war trophies. Additional information will be added to the website over the next few months.

    • Castlereagh
    • Colyton
    • Emu Plains
    • Luddenham
    • Penrith
    • St Marys

    War memorials & honor rolls in the Penrith district

    The catalyst to provide honor rolls which listed local residents who had volunteered to serve overseas began early in the war. Faced with the appalling loss of life at Gallipoli and on the Western Front, many believed that formal recognition was necessary. Soldiers were to given public honour as fellow citizens as employees, worshippers and members of community organisations. Government departments and private companies, churches and schools, lodges and sporting clubs everywhere installed honour boards and in many places, put up more substantial monuments. Most committees raised money for the memorials as they had done for wartime funds, by appeals in the press, door-to-door canvassing, fetes and dances and any other device they could think of. Penrith, like many towns, faced a number of hurdles when erecting its public monument. There was disagreement among the community about the form of monument. Many returned soldiers were interested in the erection of a club house or hall for their use. Others wanted a monument that would publicly acknowledge the service of a large number of men from the Penrith District.

    The number of Honor Rolls in the Penrith district reflected this desire to honour the dead and to commemorate those fortunate enough to survive the war. Many Honor Rolls were unveiled including: St Stephen's Church, Penrith Methodist Church, St Nicholas of Myra Church , the Penrith Presbyterian Church, Jamisontown United Church and Lodge Nepean.

    To assist researchers, the full name has been listed if known.

    • Castlereagh - Smith Park
    • Castlereagh - Upper Castlereagh Public School
    • Emu Plains - Emu Park
    • Emu Plains Public School
    • Jamisontown Methodist Church
    • Llandilo Public School
    • Luddenham Methodist Church
    • Orchard Hills Public School
    • Penrith - Lodge Nepean
    • Penrith - Masonic Loyal Alexander Lodge
    • Penrith - Memory Park
    • Penrith Methodist Church
    • Penrith Presbyterian Church
    • Penrith - St Nicholas Catholic Church
    • Penrith - St Stephen's Church of England
    • Penrith Superior Public School
    • St Marys Public School
    • St Marys - Victoria Park
  • Penrith district honor roll

    Penrith district honor roll

    The Penrith District Roll of Honor 1914-1919 commemorates our fallen World War 1 soldiers who lived in Penrith, enlisted in Penrith or are listed on the Rolls of Honor in the Penrith Local Government area. Details on the Roll of Honor have been obtained from the Australian War Memorial, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, War Memorials in the Penrith area and Local Sources such as newspapers and church records.

    Biographies for these soldiers are gradually being added to the website. This information is compiled from the above sources as well as family members. If you would like to submit details for any of these service personnel, please email .

    Name Place of Enlistment Date of Death Cemetery/Memorial details
    Abbott, Francis Arthur Penrith, NSW 31 August 1918 Panel 121, 26 Villers-Bretonneux, France
    Adams, Harry St Marys, NSW 7 January 1917 68, 135 Strathford-Sub-Castle(St Lawrence) Churchyard, England
    Aitchison, Alexander Walker Annandale, NSW 22 August 1915 84, 16 Hill 60 Cemetery, Gallipoli, Turkey
    Andrews, William St Marys, NSW 26 September 1917 68, 152 Oosttaverne Wood Cemetery Wytschaete, Belgium
    Aubrey, Sydney Ellis Penrith, NSW 28 September 1915 11, 14 Skew Bridge Cemetery, Gallipoli, Turkey
    Ausburn, Edward Harold Penrith, NSW 21 July 1916 158, 525 Rue-Petillon Military Cemetery, France
    Baker, Owen Wallace Rooty Hill, NSW 29 July 1917 123, 42 Kandahar Farm Cemetery Neuve-Eglise, Belgium
    Baker, Richard Frederick Castlereagh, NSW 9 October 1917 See Voller, Richard Frederick
    Bannister, Rupert Theodore Algernon Granville, NSW 8 June 1917 110 Toronto Avenue Cemetery Warneton, Belgium
    Baynes, Richard Henry Beindge Wrexham, England 14 July 1916 4A, Thiepval Memorial, Somme, France
    Bennett, Lionel William Sydney, NSW 2 April 1917 See Sargent, William Edward John
    Bennett, Sydney William St Marys, NSW 21 October 1918 25, 2 Damascus British War Cemetery, Syria
    Bewley, Sidney George Birch Cowra, NSW 23 March 1917 26 Villers Bretonneux, France
    Blaxland, Cyril Falkner Penrith, NSW 1 October 1917 177, 115 Perth Cemetery (China Wall) Zillebeke, Belgium
    Blaydes, Andrew Marvell Delme Sydney, NSW 6 August 1915 35, 7 Lone Pine Cemetery, Gallipoli, Turkey
    Bourke, Austin Joseph Penrith, NSW 8 September 1916 84, 40 Etaples Military Cemetery, France
    Bowes, Joseph Mullewa, WA 4 July 1918 136, 1170 Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery Fouilloy, France
    Bruton, Bernard Joseph Belmore, NSW 7 August 1915 35, 6 Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli, Turkey
    Buckley, Cecil William Mudgee, NSW 12 October 1917 125, 29 The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Belgium
    Bunyan, Edward (Edwin) Emu Plains, NSW 8 October 1917 88, 29 The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Belgium
    Bunyan, Irwin Emu Plains, NSW 11 May 1917 88, 102 Bologne Eastern Cemetery, France
    Burrows, Henry John Penrith, NSW 2 September 1918 23, 119 Daours Communal Cemetery Extension, France
    Byrns, William Henry Loftus Penrith,NSW 4 August 1916 84, 26 Villers-Bretonneux, France
    Campling, Albert Edward Kogarah, NSW 14 June 1916 90, 83 Brewery Orchard Cemetery Bois-Grenier, France
    Cheesman, Reginald Hugh Penrith, NSW 21 January 1917 139, Sussex 111 Brighton Borough Cemetery, England
    Clissold, Charles Albert Emu Plains, NSW 7 June 1917 126, 29 The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Belgium
    Clissold, George Albert Emu Plains, NSW 19 November 1916 85, 26 Villers-Bretonneux, France
    Colless, Stanley Penrith, NSW 1 September 1918 160, 627 Herbecourt British Cemetery, France
    Collum, John Steen Clare Cooma, NSW 28 February 1917 88, 26 Villers-Bretonneux, France
    Connell, Bede Septimus St Marys, NSW 20 September 1917 55, 29 The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Belgium
    Cook, James David Llandilo, NSW 8 August 1918 88, 424 Crucifix Corner Cemetery Villers Bretonneux, France
    Cott, Reginald Smithtown, NSW 8 August 1915 75, 6 Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli, Turkey
    Denny, George Richmond, NSW 8 June 1917 122, 110 Toronto Avenue Cemetery Warneton, Belgium
    Devlin, Errol Cappie Nepean Manly, NSW 30 May 1916 85, 83 Brewery Orchard Cemetery Bois-Grenier, France
    Doolan, William Joseph St Marys, NSW 13 August 1916 148, 26 Villers-Bretonneux, France
    Douglas, William Bowman Richmond, NSW 5 May 1915 6 Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli, Turkey
    Dredge, John Killian Fletcher Mt Garnet, Qld 27 September 1917 148, 29 The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Belgium
    Dykes, George Patrick Mudgee, NSW 2 August 1917 133, 29 The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Belgium
    Eaton, Frederick George Luddenham, NSW 19 April 1917 34 Jerusalem Memorial Palestine
    Earp, Frederick Clarence Penrith, NSW 5 May 1917 36, 26 Villers-Bretonneux, France
    Edwards, Harold Penrith, NSW 29 May 1918 159, 13 Bournemouth East Cemetery, England
    Farrington, Richard Christopher Penrith, NSW 21 August 1917 17, 8 Brandhoek New Military Cemetery No 3 Vlamertinghe, Belgium
    Feening, William Penrith, NSW 15 April 1918 40, 180 Ebbinghem Military Cemetery, France
    Ferrow, Charles William Penrith, NSW 28 February 1917 163, 187 Compton Chamberlayne Cemetery, England
    Forland, Robert Carrington Condobolin, NSW 19 July 1916 157, 7 V C Corner Australian Cemetery, France
    Forrest, Richard Leslie Penrith, NSW 12 October 1917 123, 29 The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Belgium
    Fowler, Darrell Elwyn Hodgson Penrith, NSW 22 January 1918 25, 8 Baghdad (North Gate) War Cemetery, Iraq
    Fowler, Lionel Rupert Mulgoa, NSW 12 May 1915 2, 9 Cairo War Memorial Cemetery, Egypt
    Franks, Edgar Russell Blacktown, NSW 2 September 1918 160, 627 Herbecourt British Cemetery, France
    Gardiner, Albert George Dora Creek, NSW 10 April 1917 157, 146 St Sever Cemetery Extension Rouen, France
    Gardiner, John William Penrith, NSW 22 August 1916 36, 74 Puchevillers British Cemetery, France
    Garner, Athol St Marys, NSW 28 March 1918 139, 526 Heath Cemetery Harbonnieres, France
    Garner, William St Marys, NSW 11 August 1918 91, 26 Villers-Bretonneux, France
    Gerring, Arthur Stanley St Marys, NSW 1 December 1917 131, 102 Bologne Eastern Cemetery, France
    Giddy, George Henry Kempsey, NSW 10 April 1917 32, 832 Pozieres British Cemetery Ovillers-La-Boisselle, France
    Gregor, David Andrew Penrith, NSW 7 November 1917 99, 72 Menin Road South Military Cemetery Ypres, Belgium
    Hague, Henry Penrith, NSW 17 July 1915 36, 6 Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli, Turkey
    Harper, Ernest Frederick Leichhardt, NSW 2 October 1917 29, 29 The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Belgium
    Haylen, Francis Henry North Sydney, NSW 21 September 1917 32, 09 The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Belgium
    Haynes, Clarence William Penrith, NSW 30 September 1918 26 Villers-Bretonneux, France
    Hendrickes, Augustus Corrimal, NSW 4 October 1917 29, 88 Aeroplane Cemetery Ypres, Belgium
    Holt, Henry John Joseph Lismore, NSW 2 August 1916 104, 74 Puchevillers British Cemetery, France
    Hope, Edward James St Marys, NSW 20 July 1916 159, 7 V C Corner Australian Cemetery, France
    Howlett, Cecil William Robert Luddenham, NSW 2 May 1915 24, 31 Shrapnel Valley Cemetery Anzac, Gallipoli, Turkey
    Hughes, Luke Penrith, NSW 7 June 1917 139, 29 Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Belgium
    Jackson, Kenneth Halstead Sydney, NSW 28 April 1915 36, 6 Lone Pine Cemetery, Gallipoli, Turkey
    Kerry, John Penrith, NSW 20 September 1917 91, 11 Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery, Belgium
    Lance, Edward Kennedy Penrith, NSW 29 December 1916 33, 400 Bernafay Wood British Cemetery Montauban, France
    Lee, Thomas John Gerringong, NSW 28 July 1916 86, 1890 Serre Rd Cemetery No 2, France
    Leitch, Sinclair Penrith, NSW 2 November 1916 175, 833 Heilly Station Cemetery Mericourt-L'Abbe, France
    Le Sueur, William James Marrickville, NSW 24 July 1916 33, 26 Villers-Bretonneux, France
    Love, George Windsor, NSW 30 September 1917 11 Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery, Belgium
    Luke, Samuel Henry St Marys, NSW 21 April 1917 174, 1484 Vaulx Hill Cemetery, France
    Lyne, Victor Harold Davison Nyngan, NSW 24 June 1915 1, 31 Shrapnel Valley Cemetery Anzac, Gallipoli, Turkey
    Mallard, Cecil St Marys, NSW 20 September 1917 178, 115 Perth Cemetery (China Wall) Zillebeke, Belgium
    Martin, Gordon Richmond, NSW 7 October 1916 11 Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery, Belgium
    McGuinness, Robert William Eskbank, NSW 26 May 1917 157, 512 Grevillers British Cemetery, France
    McLean, Reginald Donald Joshua Manly, NSW 15 Apr 1917 83, 26 Villers-Bretonneux, France
    Messer, Frederick Charles Eddington Penrith, NSW 14 May 1915 41, 6 Chatby War Memorial Cemetery, Egypt
    Miller, Charles Penrith, NSW 18 August 1916 30, 26 Villers-Bretonneux, France
    Mills, Mertoun Sydney Penrith, NSW 12 June 1917 264 Nieppe Communal Cemetery, France
    Mitchell, Alexander Malcolm Cowra, NSW 20 June 1917 70, 285 Bailluel Communal Cemetery Extension, France
    Mitchell, Arthur James Penrith, NSW 23 September 1916 Kingswood Cemetery, NSW
    Mullen, William Hiram Emu Plains, NSW 22 July 1916 30, 26 Villers-Bretonneux, France
    Mullis, Harry Penrith, NSW 22 July 1916 159, 1472 Assevillers New British Cemetery, France
    Nicole, James Otho Henry Penrith, NSW 3 July 1916 33, 275 Erquinghem-Lys Churchyard Extension, France
    Parkes, Henry Bathurst, NSW 29 August 1918 119 Daours Communal Cemetery Extension, France
    Parry, Hubert Corrimal, NSW 23 August 1917 70, 29 The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Belgium
    Pascoe, Walter Reuben Penrith, NSW 15 August 1918 37, 119 Daours Communal Cemetery Extension, France
    Paxton, Robert Glebe, NSW 14 November 1916 89, 26 Villers-Bretonneux, France
    Pearce, Eddie Richmond, NSW 19 August 1916 30, 1505 Sunken Road Cemetery Contalmaison, France
    Peck, Cecil Bertram Valentine Kempsey, NSW 11 May 1917 16, 40 Etaples Military Cemetery, France
    Perrau, Robert James Joseph Penrith, NSW 8 August 1915 2, 6 Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli, Turkey
    Perry, William Penrith, NSW 20 September 1917 86, 29 The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Belgium
    Piggott, Horace Lindsay Kyogle, NSW 14 November 1916 105, 26 Villers-Bretonneux, France
    Purdon, Leslie Frederick Bathurst, NSW 18 March 1917 92, 26 Villers-Bretonneux, France
    Pye, Harold Hume Penrith, NSW 27 April 1915 34, 31 Shrapnel Valley Cemetery Anzac, Gallipoli, Turkey
    Pye, Reginald Leslie Penrith, NSW 6 August 1915 41, 7 Lone Pine Cemetery, Gallipoli, Turkey
    Riley, Kenrick Cory Brewarrina, NSW 27 March 1918 5, 2 Damascus British War Cemetery, Syria
    Robertson, William James St Marys, NSW 9 March 1915 38, 9 Cairo War Memorial Cemetery, Egypt
    Rolston, James William Newtown, NSW 27 May 1918 175, 28 Borre British Cemetery, France
    Rooke, George Penrith, NSW 28 March 1918 70, 26 Villers-Bretonneux, France
    Ryan, Herbert St Marys, NSW 6 February 1919 185, 167 Sutton Valley (St John) Churchyard, England
    Sargent, William Edward John (alias Lionel William Bennett) Sydney, NSW 2 April 1917 161, 245 Lebucquiere Communal Cemetery Extension, Pas de Calais, France
    Shadlow, Stephen New Zealand 29 April 1915 76, Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli, Turkey
    Simpson, John George Rozelle, NSW 9 October 1917 89, 123 Passchendaele New British Cemetery, France
    Skeen, Alfred Penrith, NSW 31 August 1918 84, 511 Peronne Communal Cemetery Extension, France
    Skelton, Walter Castlereagh, NSW 5 May 1917 38, 26 Villers-Bretonneux, France
    Smith, Harold Bathurst Penrith, NSW 27 August 1915 87, 6 Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli, Turkey
    Sparkes, Joseph Edward Hurstville, NSW 20 November 1917 117, 109 Bethlehem Farm West Cemetery Messines, Belgium
    Stafford, Percy George Brisbane, Qld 20 February 1919 147, 330 Charleroi Communal Cemetery, Belgium
    Stafford, Stanley Owen Penrith, NSW 6 August 1915 34, 7 Lone Pine Cemetery, Gallipoli, Turkey
    Starling, William Joseph James Penrith, NSW 7 August 1916 42, 145 St Sever Cemetery Rouen, France
    Steele, Albert Edward Penrith, NSW 30 October 1917 13, 112 Hoege Crater Cemetery Zillebeke, Belgium
    Steele, Arthur Valentine Wangaratta, Vic 5 November 1916 31, 512 Grevilliars British Cemetery, France
    Stevenson, Alfred Lewis Groom Penrith, NSW 10 June 1917 140, 29 The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Belgium
    Stinson, William Edward Mungindi, NSW 12 October 1917 124, 29 The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Belgium
    Stuckey, Victor Frank Penrith, NSW 10 April 1917 25, 307 Bancourt British Cemetery, France
    Syme, John William Penrith, NSW 5 May 1915 42, 6 Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli, Turkey
    Tedder, Alma Reginald O'Neill Belmore, NSW 23 February 1919 181, 65 Les Baraques Military Cemetery Sangatte, France
    Tingcombe, Henry Lethbridge St Marys, NSW 29 July 1916 87, 102 Bologne Eastern Cemetery, France
    Tingcombe, Noel Lethbridge St Marys, NSW 4 August 1916 87, 26 Villers-Bretonneux, France
    Voller, Richard Frederick (alias Baker, Richard Frederick Castlereagh, NSW 9 October 1917 128 Dochy Farm New British Cemetery, Belgium
    Whincup, John Mulgoa, NSW 7 November 1918 181, 1170 Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery Fouilloy, France
    Willis, Henry Raymond Sydney, NSW 16 September 1917 15, 115 Perth Cemetery (China Wall) Zillebeke, Belgium
    Williams, Thomas William Lithgow, NSW 20 September 1917 92, 29 The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Belgium
    Woodriff, Geoffrey Besant Penrith, NSW 19 May 1918 87, 26 Villers-Bretonneux, France
    Yeoman, Gordon Francis Castlereagh, NSW 20 October 1918 163, 8 Calais Southern Cemetery, France


    Additional information can be accessed by contacting Penrith Library's Research Room on (02) 4732 7899, or Information Librarian Lorraine Stacker on (02) 4732 7886 or email . You can also go to the Penrith City Local History website.

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